Mixtures labelled naphtha have been produced from natural gas condensatespetroleum distillatesand the distillation of coal tar and peat. In different industries and regions naphtha may also be crude oil or refined products such as kerosene. Mineral spiritsalso historically known as "naphtha", are not the same chemical. Nephi and naphthar are sometimes used as a synonyms.
The translation of Charles Brenton renders this as " rosin ".DIKO EC9 R - Solvent C9/ Aromax/ Remax Emulsifier ( How to make Solvent C9 soluble in water )
The book of II Maccabees tells how a "thick water" was put on a sacrifice at the time of Nehemiah and when the sun shone it caught fire. It adds that "those around Nehemiah termed this 'Nephthar', which means Purification, but it is called Nephthaei by the many [literally hoi polloi ]. It enters the word napalma contraction of the "na" of naphthenic acid and "palm" of palmitic acidoriginally made from a mixture of naphthenic acid combined with aluminium and magnesium salts of palmitic acid.
Naphtha is the root of the word naphthaleneand can also be recognised in the word phthalateand the paint colour phthalo blue. In older usage, "naphtha" simply meant crude oilbut this usage is now obsolete in English. It was also used for mineral spirits also known as "Stoddard Solvent"originally the main active ingredient in Fels Naptha laundry soap. In the Czech Republic and Slovakianafta was historically used for both diesel fuel and crude oil, but its use for crude oil is now obsolete  and it generally indicates diesel fuel.
In Flemishthe word naft is used colloquially for gasoline. There is a hypothesis that the word is connected with the name of the Indo-Iranian god Apam Napatwhich occurs in Vedic and in Avestic ; the name means "grandson of the waters", and the Vedas describes him as emerging from water golden and shining "with bright rays", perhaps inspired by a burning seepage of natural gas.
Various qualifiers have been added to the term "naphtha" by different sources in an effort to make it more specific:. One source  distinguishes by boiling point:. Another source  differentiates light and heavy comments on the hydrocarbon structure, but offers a less precise dividing line:. Light [is] a mixture consisting mainly of straight-chained and cyclic aliphatic hydrocarbons having from five to six carbon atoms per molecule.
Heavy [is] a mixture consisting mainly of straight-chained and cyclic aliphatic hydrocarbons having from seven to nine carbon atoms per molecule. Both of these are useful definitions, but they are incompatible with one another and the latter does not provide for mixes containing both 6 and 7 carbon atoms per molecule.Have a requirement?
Get Best Price. Get Latest Price. View Complete Details. C-9 Solvent offered comprises series of organic molecules forming flat ring-shaped bonds and come with distinctive aromatic odour with insolubility in low alcohols, ketones and water as well as solubility in aliphatic hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbon solvents.
Some of its properties include based on aromatic feed stocks which do not undertake much refinement prior to polymerisation process; mainly used in areas like sealants, adhesives, printing inks among others; can be used as pressure sensitive adhesive and hot-melt adhesive; support improving lustre, enhancing hardness and make areas more water resistant; used in printing industry for increasing water resistance.
Having narrow boiling range, these medium evaporating solvents are used in areas needing high solvency. View Mobile Number. Distributor Enquiry Form.Xcom 2 crash on startup
Renine Solvent. Mineral Turpentine Oil. C9 Solvent. Interested in this product? Get Best Quote. Solvent C9 Get Latest Price. Owing to technically supported facilities, we are actively engaged in catering a wide assortment of C9 Solvent that is widely used for paint, insecticides and electronics.
The offered chemical is processed by our adept chemical experts who use the latest machinery for processing. Apart from this, the offered grade is high on demand owing to rich quality and purity.
Our esteemed clients can avail this solvent from us in several packing options at market leading prices. Features: Moisture proof packaging Enhanced shelf life Excellent solubility. Yes, I am interested! C-9 Solvent Get Latest Price. Explore more categories. Slop Oil 1 product available. Industrial Solvent 3 products available. Solvent C9 3 products available. Pottasium Sulphate 3 products available. Potassium Sulfate 4 products available. View complete range.Derivatives are used in manufacturing monomers for tires, nylon for carpet and apparel, polystyrene packaging, and hard plastics for a wide variety of durable and non-durable consumer applications.
Solvent and gasoline octane enhancer. Derivatives are used in production of polyurethane foams for furniture, insulation, jogging shoes, etc. Toluene is also a feedstock for benzene and xylene production. Feedstock for phenol which is used in the manufacture of polycarbonates, epoxy resins, phenolic resins, and caprolactam.
Feedstock for isophthalic acid which is used as an intermediate in the manufacture of polyesters for coatings, inks, reinforced plastics, and packaging applications.
Feedstock for phthalic anhydride which is used as a plasticizer in PVC pipes, coatings, and cables.
Feedstock for terephthalic acid PTA which is used in the production of polyester. End uses include plastic PET soft drink bottles, fibers for tires, clothing, carpeting, and film for video and audiotape. Feedstock for trimellitic anhydride which is used as a plasticizer additive in molded PVC to provide flexibility and softness.
What is Aromatic Solvent C9?
Toluene Solvent and gasoline octane enhancer. Metaxylene Feedstock for isophthalic acid which is used as an intermediate in the manufacture of polyesters for coatings, inks, reinforced plastics, and packaging applications. Orthoxylene Feedstock for phthalic anhydride which is used as a plasticizer in PVC pipes, coatings, and cables. Paraxylene Feedstock for terephthalic acid PTA which is used in the production of polyester.
Pseudocumene Feedstock for trimellitic anhydride which is used as a plasticizer additive in molded PVC to provide flexibility and softness.As discussed in the section on C5, Aliphatic Resinsthe feedstocks for hydrocarbon resins are produced via cracking of naphtha. Basic C9, aromatic resins are produced from C9 resin oil that contains various monomers as illustrated in Figure 1.
Figure 1: C9 Resin Oil Composition.Jb login
The aromatic characteristics of the feedstocks are preserved in the final resin polymer so the molecular weight and solubility properties of C9 resins are considerably different from those of C5, aliphatic tackifiers.
Since C9 resin oil is a relatively unrefined material, its polymerization leads to much darker resins than other hydrocarbon resins. Due to their aromatic structure, C9 resins are more compatible with polar elastomers than C5 resins. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page.
Contact Us Customer Center. C9, Aromatic Resins. Tackifier Center. Tackifier Selection. Tackifier Families. Hydrocarbon Resins. C5, Aliphatic Resins. Hydrogenated C5. Pure Monomer C9. Hydrogenated C9. Rosin Resins. Product Form.Aromatic hydrocarbons are a series of organic molecules that form flat ring-shaped bonds.
Aromatic hydrocarbons have a distinctive aromatic odour and a typical Gardner colour of 6 — 10 dark yellow to dark brown. They are insoluble in water, low alcohols and ketoneshowever are soluble in aliphatic hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbon solvents. Aromatic hydrocarbon resins are chemically manufactured from resin oil that contains various monomers. They are based on aromatic feedstocks that do not undertake much refinement prior to the above polymerisation process.
A chemical trader would have a bulk petrochemical storage facility to regulate this product.
Storage is normally in a cool, dry and well ventilated facility away from oxidising agents. A bulk solvent exporter would normally distribute this solvent in bulk vessels or tank trucks. For transportation purposes, aromatic hydrocarbons are classed as a flammable liquid with a fire hazard rating of 2.
A full bulk chemical distributor would export the solvent throughout regions such as the UK, Europe, Africa and America. This product is a packing group 3. Aromatic hydrocarbons are mainly used in adhesives, printing inks, sealants, polychoroprene rubber, concrete curing compounds, anti-drying agents and paints.
They can also be applied to coatings on ships, vehicles and bridges because they will improve the lustre, increase hardness and make areas more water resistant.
Within the printing industry, the petroleum resin will increase water resistance, solvent consumption and resistance to dry. They are also used for hot road markings. The end user markets for this product are the paints, coatings and rubber industries. We have placed cookies on your computer to help make this website better. For more information please click here. By continuing to use this site or closing this panel, we'll assume you're OK to continue.
Without solvents, many products we rely on would not perform as well. Types of Solvents: The chemical classification of a solvent is based on its chemical structure. For manufacturers, solvents are subject to a variety of federal and state regulations, including regulations that govern the industrial storage and disposal of hazardous wastes, workplace exposure limits, requirements for safe transport of chemical substances, and regulations pertaining to release of chemicals to air, land and water.
Federal agencies including the U. Hydrocarbon and oxygenated solvents have been in widespread use for more than 50 years and the subject of extensive health and environmental effects studies that examine the effects of exposure to solvent vapors. It should be noted that in some cases, people use solvents directly e. Various solvents are extremely effective in select purposes, such as in pharmaceutical development. In producing penicillin, for example, the solvent keeps the impurities in the solution so the penicillin is selectively removed from the reaction mixture by extraction.
In some inks, the solvent effectively evaporates quickly enough to prevent smudging and provides a cost-effective, high performing way to print magazines or labels using vivid colors.Rutracker english search
In nail polish, the purpose of the solvent is to dissolve and help mix the other ingredients together evenly, and then evaporate as the nail polish dries, creating a smooth, consistent surface. Fingernail polish remover also is a solvent that functions for this particular use — to break down the ingredients in the polish.
What Is Alcohol Ethoxylate?
In chemistry, solvents — which are generally in liquid form — are used to dissolve, suspend or extract other materials, usually without chemically changing either the solvents or the other materials. Organic solvents are carbon-based solvents i. Many different classes of chemicals can be used as organic solvents, including aliphatic hydrocarbons, aromatic hydrocarbons, amines, esters, ethers, ketones, and nitrated or chlorinated hydrocarbons. Some of the most common uses of organic solvents include chemical synthesis, clothing dry cleaning, paint thinners, nail polish and glue removers as well as detergents.
These type of cleaning solvents are used to remove oil, grease, solder flux used to make electronics and other contaminants. Home improvement products, such as paints, finishes or glues, may also contain solvents to help them perform effectively. Solvents Industry Group. European Solvents Industry Group. Halogenated Solvents Industry Alliance. Tweets by AmChemistry. Home Solvents Solvents. Paint thinner is a common example of a hydrocarbon solvent. Oxygenated solvents are produced through chemical reactions from olefins derived from oil or natural gasgiving us the following sub-groups: alcohols, ketones, esters, ethers, glycol ethers and glycol ether esters.
The human body naturally produces ketones when it burns fat. Halogenated solvents are solvents that contain a halogen such as chlorine, bromine or iodine. Many people recognize perchloroethylene as an example — a highly effective solvent used in dry cleaning.
Glycol ether esters are added to some spray paints to prevent them from drying in mid-air. The slow evaporation of this powerful group of solvents means that cars, for example, can get several smooth, flawless applications of paint for a beautiful, more durable finish. Solvents in Inks : Many inks, used to print everything from magazines to food packaging and labels, rely on solvents to be applied properly, stay in place, and achieve their vivid colors. The hydrocarbon solvent toluene is used as the ink solvent in a specialized type of magazine printing, because it evaporates quickly enough to prevent smudging and leftover toluene is easily recycled.
Solvents in Personal Care Products : Many cosmetic products rely on solvents to dissolve ingredients and enable them to work properly. Solvents are used in lotions, powders and shaving creams to provide appropriate consistency for the product.
Ethanol is used by perfume manufacturers as their solvent of choice because of its low odor. The low boiling point of ethanol means that the solvent evaporates quickly and does not remain on the skin. Ethyl acetate or acetone is used in nail polish and is especially valued for its fast-drying properties.Some substance identifiers may have been claimed confidential, or may not have been provided, and therefore not be displayed.
More information about the EC Inventory can be found here.
If the substance was not covered by the EC Inventory, ECHA attributes a list number in the same format, starting with the numbers 6, 7, 8 or 9. The molecular formula identifies each type of element by its chemical symbol and identifies the number of atoms of each element found in one discrete molecule of the substance. If generated, an InChI string will also be generated and made available for searching. More help available here. CAS no. The CLP Regulation makes sure that the hazards presented by chemicals are clearly communicated to workers and consumers in the European Union.Aesthetic name generator roblox
The source of the information is mentioned in the introductory sentence of the hazard statements. When information is available in all sources, the first two are displayed as a priority. The purpose of the information provided under this section is to highlight the substance hazardousness in a readable format. It does not represent a new labelling, classification or hazard statement, neither reflect other factors that affect the susceptibility of the effects described, such as duration of exposure or substance concentration e.
Other relevant information includes the following:. Harmonised classification and labelling is a legally binding classification and labelling for a substance, agreed at European Community level. If the substance is covered by more than one CLH entry e. It is possible that a harmonisation is introduced through an amendment to the CLP Regulation.
More info on CLH can be found here. This information has not been reviewed or verified by ECHA, and may change without prior notice. These notifications can be provided by manufacturers, importers and downstream users. Additionally, if available, information on the use of the substance and how consumers and workers are likely to be exposed to it can also be displayed here. The use information is displayed per substance life cycle stage consumer use, in articles, by professional workers widespread usesin formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites or in manufacturing.
The information is aggregated from the data coming from REACH substance registrations provided by industry. For a detailed overview on identified uses and environmental releases, please consult the registered substance factsheet. Use descriptors are adapted from ECHA guidance to improve readability and may not correspond textually to descriptor codes described in Chapter R. The examples provided are generic examples and may not apply to the specific substance you are viewing.
A substance may have its use restricted to certain articles or products and therefore not all the examples may apply to the specific substance. Furthermore, some substances can be found in an article, but with unlikely exposure e.
The described Product category i. More help is available here. This substance is used by consumers, by professional workers widespread usesin formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing. This substance is used in the following products: lubricants and greases, adhesives and sealants, polishes and waxes, coating products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, anti-freeze products, finger paints and fertilisers.
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use e. ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment. ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use, indoor use e. Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, in processing aids at industrial sites, formulation in materials, manufacturing of the substance, in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance use of intermediatesas processing aid, for thermoplastic manufacture, as processing aid and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.
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